Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Clean Sleep: More Than Falling Into Deep Slumber

The quality of an adult person’s sleep may not always be good. Having disrupted or a few hours of sleep can affect health and productivity. These days, people are jumping into a health trend called “clean sleeping” where the goal is to have uninterrupted 8-10 hours of sleep.

Image source: Medicalnewstoday.com
But what is clean sleeping all about? It is not just about falling asleep and waking up at the right time. It is also about having the right habits during the day that will facilitate uninterrupted slumber. Some of these habits include having a hearty breakfast before work, morning exercise, drinking the right amount of water, and consuming less caffeine. Some studies suggest that getting these tasks out of the way hours before bedtime will lead to clean sleep.

Sleeping clean is more than falling into deep slumber. Part of this practice also involves sleeping before midnight. Going to bed at 10:30 PM helps the body reach the crucial 90-minute stretch in order to reach rejuvenating levels during sleep that usually happen in the wee hours of the morning.

Image source: Elitedaily.com
Short, disrupted, or light sleep might be some of the causes for the body not to reach its peak recovery levels. The day’s activity and the body’s reaction to it can affect rest. This is why it is important to prepare the whole day to get quality shuteye. The practice of clean sleeping involves a holistic change of activities and health habits. From sunrise to sundown, it encourages a person to be conscious of how the body should be treated.

Dr Lisa Marie Cannon is an internist specializing in pulmonology, internal medicine, sleep medicine, and critical care. Visit this page for more information.

Tuesday, January 10, 2017

How To Deal With Sleepwalking

Sleepwalking, also known as somnambulism or noctambulism, is a sleep disorder that affects an estimated 1.5 percent of adults. It is a bit more prevalent in children, among whom there is an incidence rate of five percent.

It typically occurs during the slow-wave sleep stage, or during the first third of the sleep, and causes the sleepwalker to act as if he is in a state of full consciousness for as short as 30 seconds or as long as 30 minutes. However, he would have little or no memory of what had happened.

Image source: bbc.com
What the sleepwalker does are usually harmless, repeated activities such as walking to other rooms or even just sitting on the bed. However, there have been reports of dangerous behaviors, including cooking, violent actions, and driving, resulting in injuries to the sleepwalker or other people.

There is no clinically proven psychological or pharmacological intervention that can effectively stop the occurrence of sleepwalking.

However, there are different ways of minimizing sleepwalking incidences, such as increasing the length of sleep to achieve the right amount of deep sleep, avoiding possible triggers like fatigue, alcohol, and some medications, and creating a relaxing routine before turning in.

Image source: businessinsider.com
Sleepwalking is also usually outgrown over time, so there is no need to worry about it. But if it persists, consulting a sleep specialist or physician is recommended to check for the possibility of underlying illnesses.

New Jersey-based physician Lisa Marie Cannon earned her degree in medicine from New York City College and her fellowship in pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine from the renowned Mount Sinai Hospital. Read more about her medical expertise by visiting this blog.

Thursday, December 15, 2016

Antibiotic-resistance and the need to revise lung treatment strategies

The proliferation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is feared to be an event that might plague the 21st century if the problem is not addressed now. Desmond Heng Wen Chien of the A-Star Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences forewarns that antimicrobial resistance could be the leading cause of death by 2050 if proliferation cannot be stemmed.

Image source: pharmaceutical-tribune.com


These superbugs have increased the mortality rate of respiratory infections to as high as 80 percent in some clinics. A study of antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a type of bacteria that causes lung infection, found that the bacteria has enhanced fitness and can survive in a host even with an onslaught of various antibiotics.

Awareness among the public is key to mitigate the indiscriminate consumption of antibiotics. Physicians should communicate to their patients that for non-fatal respiratory infections such as the common cold and cough, the illness often resolves over time without medication. Doctors recommend taking vaccines for common respiratory illnesses to defend against infections and their subsequent need for treatment.

Image source: medicalnewstoday.com


Dr. Lisa Marie Cannon is an internist based in New Jersey specializing in pulmonology, sleep medicine, and critical care. For more blogs on respiratory health, follow this link.

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Recent Study Links Antidementia Drug With High Risk Of Pneumonia

Memantine, an antidementia drug, has been linked with a high risk of developing pneumonia, concludes a new study by the University of Eastern Finland. Rivastigmine patches, another treatment agent for mild to moderate cases of dementia, have been associated with high-risk factors as well. Authors of the study concluded the memantine and rivastigmine led to a 1.6 and 1.15 times high risk of pneumonia, respectively. However, authors caution that the number may be even higher since only cases of the condition that led to hospitalization or death were recorded.

Image Source: caringnews.com

This is a breakthrough study since there has been no previous research on the link between different antidementia drugs and pneumonia risk. The authors began their study with the knowledge that there is currently no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, and many of the patients often have comorbid conditions. Usually, these illnesses are related to their psychological well-being; a lot of patients with Alzheimer’s being diagnosed with anxiety or depression. However, most patients also complain of failing health.

For the most part, health practitioners attributed this to the patient’s inability to take care of themselves – their forgetfulness being used as a reason. Nothing was suspected of the patient’s treatment plan. Scientists then began to notice that pneumonia became one of the most common causes of hospitalization among patients with Alzheimer’s disease. It is also the leading cause of death in this population.

Image Source: health.com

These conclusions can be used to forewarn families of patients of the various side effects of their loved one’s medication. This can also be used by internal specialists when designing their treatment plan.

Dr. Lisa Marie Cannon specializes in pulmonary conditions such as tuberculosis and pneumonia. Learn more when you subscribe to this blog.

Monday, October 31, 2016

Physical Activities for Asthmatic People

For people with asthma, intense exercise can trigger coughing, wheezing, and difficulty in breathing. But experts have noted that asthmatic people do not necessarily have to give up physical activity. It has been found that the right kind of exercise can actually reduce symptoms and improve breathing. Furthermore, a recent study also shows that active asthmatic people showed slightly less lung decline compared to their inactive counterparts.


Image source: FitnessMagazine.com

The key is to exercise safely. The best type is one that is not too difficult and gets a person only slightly out of breath. When asthma is threatening to attack during the exercise, the person should stop immediately. It is strongly recommended to consult with a doctor before beginning any kind of exercise, and to always warm up before and cool down after working out.

Walking is a low-intensity and manageable exercise ideal for asthmatic people. Experts advise moderate to brisk walking for half an hour, thrice a week.

Yoga is not only a good source of physical activity; the breathing exercises expand the lungs and expose them to warm, moist air.


Image source: Stumptuous.com

Swimming is one of the best exercises as studies have shown that the sport increases lung function and improves cardiopulmonary fitness.

Dr. Lisa Marie Cannon received her pulmonary fellowship from Mount Sinai Hospital in New York and has her own private practice in New Jersey. For more news about pulmonary medicine, visit this Twitter page.

Wednesday, August 10, 2016

Limit-Setting Insomnia In Children: What Is It About?

Image source: zerotothree.org
Teenagers and adults are not the only ones who suffer from insomnia. Insomnia is a term for difficulty in staying or falling asleep. It is commonly caused by certain behaviors, and it can affect the quality of life of those who suffer from it.

Young children suffer from insomnia, too, be

Toddlers and young children do not recognize how much they need sleep to recharge their energy. When they are left unsupervised, they might develop varying sleep schedules which will disrupt their circadian rhythm. Children will feel tired day after day, and can get sick because of their lack of sleep.

A lot of parents see this as a difficult time for learning with their children. When the child refuses to sleep, parents give in to their demands by giving them food or toys, which can delay their progress in learning how to sleep on their own. To prevent this, parents must establish appropriate sleeping schedules even on weekends. Quiet activities like book reading before bedtime can also help children establish a sleep
Image source: zerotothree.org
schedule.

If the child continues to have difficulty in sleeping, it is best for parents to bring them to a board-certified sleep specialist and physician.

Dr. Lisa Marie Cannon is a New Jersey-based board-certified physician. She specializes in sleep medicine and pulmonary care. Visit this Twitter page for updates about her fields of specialization.




Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Aasm: Undiagnosed Sleep Apnea Costs $150B Per Year

Around 25 million Americans suffer from the sleep disorder sleep apnea, a condition when a person stops breathing for a few seconds while asleep. This occurs because the throat muscles relax and then contract involuntarily. There are obvious risks to the condition; left untreated, patients may find themselves not breathing for a longer period – affecting their quality of sleep and overall health. Sleep apnea is also heavily related to other serious illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, and other forms of cardiovascular conditions.

Image Source: helpguide.org

The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) recently released a report that found the condition to have a financial impact on society as well. It is estimated that annual financial burden of undiagnosed sleep apnea is around $150B. This is divided into $87 billion in lost productivity, $26 billion in car crashes, and around $7 billion in accidents that occur in the workplace.

Sleep apnea in itself is potentially deadly, but it is the cumulative and associated effects that are most worrisome. Authors of the study believe that undiagnosed sleep apnea is responsible for another $30 billion every year in increased health care and medications for its comorbidities. The authors further go on to state that if this condition is immediately diagnosed and treated, the country could see an annual saving of around $100 billion.

Image Source: sleepapnear.com

The standard treatment for sleep apnea is the usage of a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine that forces the airway open by pumping air through the nostrils. This stops the throat muscles from constricting and improves the quality of sleep. Those who sleep regularly and well are said to have a more positive view on life and are generally healthier compared to those who have bad sleeping habits.

Dr. Lisa Marie Cannon is an internal specialist dealing with various sleep disorders. For more information, like this Facebook page.